TRIFED has been undertaking R&D activities by sponsoring research on number of NTFPs. In TRIFED’s context, R&D is an important aspect as tribals from diverse income levels, age groups, and cultural backgrounds harvest NTFPs for household subsistence, maintaining cultural and family traditions, obtaining spiritual fulfillment, maintaining physical and emotional well-being, scientific learning, and earning income but they still use traditional collection, processing techniques with limited applications and market it as raw or with minimum processing. Most of the NTFPs are underutilized and there are few organizations which are working on the Minor forest produces in the country. It is in this background that R&D on NTFP assumes critical importance for enhancing the income of tribal collector gatherers, reducing drudgery & waste and increasing efficiency of tribals. TRIFED being the apex organization for providing marketing support for tribal products is carrying on the task of sponsoring R&D projects with the financial support of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
i) Objectives: Objectives for initiation of the R&D project on NTFPs by TRIFED are:
(a) Research and development of an innovative low cost process/ technology for optimum utilization of the available NTFPs so that Tribals get direct benefit.
(b) Development of tools, implements, methodologies, processes etc. which result in increased harvesting and collection of Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFPs) on a sustainable basis, which result in reducing drudgery & waste, increasing efficiency etc of the tribals.
(c) Development of appropriate technologies for post harvest management of NTFPs concerning sorting, grading, cleaning, dusting, scientific storage, preliminary primary level processing for increasing shelf life /value addition , reducing wastage etc.
(d) Sustainable harvesting techniques to ensure long term survival of forests.
(e) Enhance income through value addition of the NTFPs
TRIFED sponsors R&D projects through various reputed institutions like IITs. IICT, Hyderabad, CFTRI, Mysore, Universities etc to find out new & innovative product(s)/ process(s) development so that it can enhance the value of Minor forest produce and livelihood of tribals.. During the last few years TRIFED has sponsored 10 R&D Projects which are under various stages of its completion & commercialization.
Status of R&D Projects:
Projects Successfully Completed:
I. Development of Integrated post – harvested technology for production of quality minor forest produces by Institution of Minerals & Materials Technology (IMMT), Bhubaneswar - The research study resulted in development of low cost hybrid dryer that can be useful for enhance the shelf life of Minor forest produces and can be utilized by the tribals.
II. Production of Nutra beverages from Mahuwa flower by JUIT, Solan (Jointly with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)): A blended Mahuwa Guava wine has been developed which has enhanced flavor and antioxidant property. Further action regarding validation, patenting and market trial of developed products are under consideration.
III. Preparation of Health Products from Bael Fruit: Evaluation of Antiulcer, Anti-diabetic and Anticancer potentials by CFTRI, Mysore: The project has been completed and Bael juice fruit has been test marketed which received an encouraging response. Modalities of including the product into our productline are being finalsed.
Ongoing R&D Projects on value addition of Minor Forest Produces :
Nutraceutical and Cosmaceutical from Tamarind seeds, Sal seeds oil and Karanj oil using low cost technology by BIT, Mesra – This project was started in March 2013 and is under study. It is a two year project.
Completed projects requiring financial support for validation/ commercialization of Research findings:
Some of the earlier R&D study / Research have resulted in development of innovative products and processes. However, validation of the research study is needed on a large-scale before introduction in the market. TRIFED is exploring the possibility of financial support from other agencies to conduct validation of the following projects:
I. Exploration of Sal Seed oil cake as source of Organic manure, biopesticides and nitrification inhibitor: The research resulted in development of Sal manure and application of same resulted in higher productivity of crops. The validation study of the result need to be done before the commercialization of Sal manure.
II. Process Development for Isolation of Starch and Tannin from Sal cake (by BESTU, Howrah): The project has resulted in development of isolation/ extraction process of tannin, protein and soluble carbohydrate from Sal DOC. Isolated Tannin, Starch & Protein can be utilised in many industry sectors.